August 22, 1958 the Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers of the organization and building of the Institute of Medical Radiology , Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR ( WRI Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR ) in the city of Obninsk.
Currently, Medical Radiological Research Center is one of the largest in Russia . The Center has created an infrastructure for experimental and clinical studies are highly qualified specialists , has accumulated many years of experience in the development and implementation of new diagnostic and therapeutic technologies . Taking into account the scale of scientific and practical problems successfully solved Institute , Presidium of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences in 1992, converted it to the Medical Radiological Research Center ( MRRC RAMS) . The center is the base for the issue of " Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Medicine", a leading institution in the Russian Federation on the development and application of high-tech medicine in radiological diagnosis and treatment of patients.
The center employs 1,741 people, including 25 professors , 61 and 197 candidates for the doctor of medical sciences , 341 Scientist, 134 physician.
In the Medical Radiological Research Center, developed and implemented the latest high-tech medical radiologic technology , contributing to the efficient solution of a number of social problems of national health care . These include innovative radiological treatment technologies that can successfully compete with the traditional methods of treatment : treatment with radioactive iodine -131 patients with toxic goiter and thyroid cancer with distant metastases ( radioiodine therapy ), brachytherapy for prostate cancer with the use of micro sources of iodine -125 , brachytherapy tumor cavity mouth using californium -252 , application of neutron radiation of nuclear reactors and accelerators (remote and neutron - neutron capture therapy ) , and new technology to optimize external beam radiation therapy of malignant tumors by using the most effective dose fractionation schemes , laser , magnetic and photodynamic therapy, concomitant intraoperative remote radiotherapy ; termoradio and gipoksiradioterapiya etc.
The basis of most of the developments MRRC to improve the treatment of patients with malignant neoplasms of the principles of improving survival , organosohrannosti and improve the quality of life.